You don’t have to wait until you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes to reduce your sugar intake. It is upstream that we must act. “As soon as the sugar is overloaded, the liver can no longer regulate the glycemia in the blood: it is the phase of prediabetes, which is characterized by a fasting blood sugar which is between 1.05 and 1.26 g / l “details Dr Réginald Allouche, author of The pleasure of sugar at the risk of prediabetes.
Including those who ignore each other, it is estimated that prediabetes affects 4 million people in France, knowing that around 3 million French people are treated for diabetes. more feminine: “Just look at what is happening in the United States today, where 25-year-olds have type 2 diabetes, continues Dr. Allouche. The standardization of feeding modes means that we follow the same model, with a few years of lag. “
Sugar is stored in two ways. “In the form of glycogen in the liver, an essential storage which keeps the reserves necessary to supply the brain for 20 to 30 minutes, notes Dr. Allouche. However, as soon as it is in surplus, the body is obliged to store the sugar elsewhere. “Where? In adipocytes, fat cells.” So even though glycogen is found in the liver and in muscles, the vast majority of the body’s sugar is stored as fat. , says the doctor.
Result ? If the sugar intake is greater than our needs, we saturate our storage capacities. The fat mass is then distributed unevenly over the body and can cause unsightly cellulite.
Diabetes and being overweight, both of which can be correlated with high sugar consumption, increase the risk of cancer, especially of the pancreas (40 to 60% of people who report pancreatic cancer are diabetic), liver or colorectal. In women, several studies have concluded that the risk of breast cancer and the risk of endometrial cancer are greater in diabetics. Members of the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (Inserm, Inra, Cnam, Université Paris 13) who followed the French NutriNet-Santé cohort suggest, in an article published in the British Medical Journal in July 2019, a more direct link between certain cancers and sugary drinks: “During monitoring, the consumption of sugary drinks was found to be associated with a higher risk of cancer (2,193 cases out of 101,257 participants), and in particular breast cancer ( 693 cases). A 100 ml increase in the average daily consumption of sugary drinks was associated with an approximately 18% increase in cancer risk. “
A high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood changes the way the arteries work, causing them to contract more regularly, which leads to higher blood pressure (which itself increases cardiovascular risks). These are the conclusions of a study carried out a few years ago by researchers at the University of Leicester, in Great Britain. More recently, another team has shown that excess sugar (in sugary drinks, in particular) causes a lipid imbalance called dyslipidemia (high triglyceride level associated with a low level of good cholesterol – HDL) which increases the risk of disease. cardiac. Published in the Journal of American Heart Association in February 2020, the study, which includes data from nearly 6,000 participants followed for 12 years, found that people who drank one can of soda per day had a 53% triglyceride level. higher than those who drank one can per month or less, and 98% lower HDL.