3 mistakes to avoid with the clay mask

3 mistakes to avoid with the clay mask

Clay has beneficial properties that are widely exploited in dermo cosmetics; discover all the benefits and mistakes to avoid when using it

Clay has long been used for its beneficial properties [1], especially in dermo cosmetic treatments. Some studies [2] have in fact shown that treating the skin with specific types of clay helps purify it, absorb excess sebum and refresh the skin surface. [3]

Clay: varieties and benefits

Substance of mineral origin, clay is known for its properties that purify the skin of impurities, accumulations of sebum, all factors that can trigger the appearance of imperfections, or the reaction of sensitive skin.

But not all clay is the same. In the world of dermocosmetic, in fact, its different varieties have specific benefits, which are used for the formulation of masks suitable for different skin types or designed to combat certain skin conditions.

  • White clay , or kaolin, rich in calcium, silicon, magnesium and zinc, is known for its antibacterial properties and the ability to soothe skin redness without dehydrating the skin. It has a fine grain and among all the types of clay it is considered the most delicate, which is why it is suitable for dry and sensitive skin.
  • Green clay has a high absorbency, a characteristic that makes it ideal for eliminating excess sebum from oily and imperfect skin. Rich in copper, which also gives it its characteristic color, it contains numerous minerals including zinc, phosphorus and silicon, important for purifying the skin in depth.
  • And for those with dry or cracked skin? The ideal is to choose a red clay mask , which is able to purify the face, promoting cell renewal. Its color is due to the high content of iron oxide, but it is also rich in many other minerals including calcium and sodium which give it its purifying, soothing and regenerating properties. Furthermore, red clay stimulates microcirculation: the skin will be more nourished and oxygenated, toned and smooth.
  • Black mask detox , one of the latest trends in the world of face masks, are formulated from vegetable carbon – a charcoal, which is not clay – which has the ability to free the skin of impurities and polluting particles. [4] A deep detox action, perfect for cleaning pores and brightening skin, also suitable for dry or more sensitive skin.

Clay mask: the mistakes not to make

Although clay face masks are very popular in the beauty world, there are still numerous myths about them. We have analyzed for you the 3 most common mistakes related to their use, to help you avoid them and thus obtain the maximum benefit from your face mask.

  • Mistake 1 : Choosing the type of clay mask that is not suitable for your skinAs we have seen, “clay” is a general term used to indicate different varieties of natural mineral compositions, each of which has specific properties and is suitable for different skin types and skin conditions. This is why it is so important to know the various types of clay and their properties, and to choose the one that best suits your skin, just like you do for the other treatments in your beauty routine.
  • Mistake 2 : Leave the mask on for more than 10 minutes on the skin. Clay face masks absorb excess sebum (absorption) and capture impurities (adsorption). This means that clay can dry out the skin if left on for too long. It is not necessary to wait for the mask to dry completely: the ideal is to leave it on for no more than 10 minutes, as recommended for example for the Vichy Purifying Clay Mask . If your skin is dry or tight after removing the mask, moisturize it with Mineral 89 fortifying and plumping daily booster .
  • Mistake 3 : Apply the clay mask indiscriminately all over the face . Each area of ​​the face has its own specific needs. For example, you may have greasy T-zone skin and dry cheeks. The same type of mask is not necessarily suitable for treating different skin conditions. Opt for an application on specific areas or multi-masking : that is, apply the mask only in areas with specific problems (for example, where there are pimples and imperfections) or use different masks for the different areas of the face.

The perfect routine for the clay mask

Did you know that to maximize the effect of your clay mask, it is also essential to prepare the skin before and rebalance it after application ?
Here’s how to do it!

  • Prepare your skin by cleaning your face with your usual cleanser , taking care to remove all traces of makeup.
  • Pat your skin dry with a clean towel.
  • Apply the mask with a soft brush or spread it with your fingertips on the face, avoiding the eye contour and lips.
  • Leave it on for the indicated time and no longer, then rinse it thoroughly with plenty of fresh or slightly lukewarm water.
  • Dab your face and moisturize it with a moisturizing booster like Mineral 89 or with the specific treatment for your skin type that you usually use.
  • Finally, it balances, regenerates and strengthens the skin with a refreshing splash of Vichy Mineralizing Thermal Water .

In summary: clay masks are ideal for clearing pores of impurities but it is important to choose and use them correctly!

Pimples why it is best to leave them alone

Pimples why it is best to leave them alone

When pimples appear on the face, the temptation is to touch them; here’s what the experts say to treat them better

When a pimple appears on the face, the temptation is immediately to touch it to make it disappear; this bad habit, however, can increase the risk of an infection, which can then leave marks or scars on the skin. So how can you resist the urge to squeeze a pimple? Let’s ask our experts.

Where do pimples come from?

Imperfections arise overnight without warning. How come they are born? Dermatologist Philippe Deshayes explains: “The role of the sebaceous glands is to secrete sebum, but sometimes this sebum cannot be eliminated from the skin. It then accumulates on the skin surface, blocking the pores. Hence, the pimple begins to take shape. ” But what turns an innocent blemish into a painful pimple is bacterial contamination. Because? Because some bacteria from the environment and the flora of our skin feed on sebum . They grow and spread in this favorable environment and the skin turns red.

Hands down!

Our hands unconsciously touch a pimple up to 65 times a day. According to microbiologists, thousands of bacteria live on everyday objects such as telephones, steering wheels, carts and computer keyboards. Believe it or not, there are around 25,000 germs in every square inch of your cell phone! Your hands and nails are full of bacteria , even if you wash them regularly. “Resist the temptation to touch all the pimples or you can risk causing a secondary infection, creating lasting lesions that will then be difficult to remove.”

Don’t let a pimple ruin your life!

“When a pimple appears, you feel helpless,” explains lifestyle coach Odile Mohen. “We instinctively want to regain control of our skin, without thinking about the consequences.” The temptation to pop a pimple is strong! How can you resist it? Here are Odile’s 5 tips :

1.  Stop looking in the mirror! Mirrors can make things appear worse than they really are, and if you are home alone sometimes you can’t help but give in to temptation …

2. Remind yourself that it’s not the end of the world. ! Before an important date or event, relax and tell yourself “Yes, I have a pimple, but it won’t stay there forever, it will go away!”

3. List your best qualities (or ask a friend to do so) – a small pimple is nothing compared to a bright smile or a bright look…

4. Keep your hands busy. Taking care of your skin can be reassuring. Cleanse it, protect it and cover imperfections with corrective make-up.

5. Put things in perspective! Look around, you will soon see that everyone has some imperfections on their face , but luckily you now know all the solutions to handle the problem!

So now it’s your turn, you have all the necessary information at your disposal. Be strong and resist the temptation to pop that pimple!

best creams and face treatments

What are the best creams and face treatments

Is there the possibility of identifying the best creams and face treatments? Definitely yes, so here are some useful tips

How to identify the most suitable face cream ? Starting from an in-depth analysis of the skin to identify its main needs. Because in the field of cosmetics, there is a specific treatment for every need. Here’s how to analyze your skin and then identify the most suitable products for the case.

A skin test to identify the most suitable facial treatment

In order to choose the right face cream, we must start from the needs of our skin. The best thing therefore is to do a skin test to identify the most suitable daily skincare, which fits perfectly to the needs.
The Vichy Skiconsult relies on an Artificial Intelligence system that analyzes 7 signs of aging by identifying priorities.
These are the signs detected and measured by the algorithm:

1. Visibility of pores
2. Fine lines
3. Dark spots
4. Lack of tone
5. Visibility of wrinkles
6. Brightness
7. Wrinkles around the eyes.

The test takes a few minutes and three key steps:

  • Take a selfie
  • Complete the profile
  • Discover the map of the signs of aging.

At the end of the operation, you will get the tailor-made routine with the facial treatment best suited to the needs identified.

The most suitable facial treatment for moisturizing

If the skin on the face is tight and shows unmistakable signs such as redness and dryness, it definitely needs a moisturizing action . In this case, the best face cream will have a strong moisturizing component and the best treatment will consist of a mild cleanser, a face serum, a day cream and a night cream.
The Vichy Aqualia Thermal range has a Rehydrating Face Serum which, thanks to the action of hyaluronic acid of natural origin, Vichy thermal water and vegetable mannose, helps to rebalance and strengthen the skin of the face. The Rehydrating Gel Cream from the same line improves the skin’s natural hydration for up to 48 hours and smoothes fine lines due to dehydration.

The face cream suitable for impure skin

Did the test highlight the visibility of pores and impure skin as a priority?
The most suitable face cream will be the one able to treat imperfections such as blackheads, enlarged pores and pimples.
The best daily beauty routine will therefore be composed of a purifying face cleanser, a day cream that corrects imperfections while hydrating and fortifying the skin at the same time. To these products will be added specific treatments such as exfoliating masks (twice a week) and salicylic acid-based sticks to cover imperfections.
Normaderm is the Vichy range specifically designed for skin with imperfections and the face cream could be for example Normaderm Phytosolution, the cream based on salicylic acid, hyaluronic acid and Bifidus derived from the probiotic, which exfoliates, hydrates, tones and strengthens the skin.

The most suitable facial treatment for mature skin

If the main need is to counteract the signs of aging, the best daily skin routine is the one made up of anti-aging products.
Vichy contrasts dull complexion, wrinkles and skin relaxation with specific treatments ranging from anti-aging cream, face serum, eye contour, up to night cream.
In this case, the face treatment cannot fail to include an eye contour serum that acts against the aging of the periocular area.
The Serum 10 Eyes and Lashes Liftactiv is enriched with rhamnose, illuminating agents and ceramides and is therefore able to relax the eye contour area, fortifying the lashes and giving a brighter and younger look. To apply it, just place a few drops on the fingertips in the eye contour area by applying light pressure with soothing movements from the inner to the outer corner. The operation must be done with the eyes closed in order to include the eyelashes in the massage.

The best face cream or facial treatment ever? Surely the one suited to specific needs, which implies a thorough knowledge of these.

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Full of protein to preserve the mobility of seniors

Full of protein to preserve the mobility of seniors

It is well known that the older the age, the more the risk of dependence and frailty increases. Therefore, carrying out preventive actions through simple physical exercises helps maintain the muscles of the body. What if diet also played a role in preventing mobility in the elderly  ? This is what suggests a recent American study according to which an insufficient consumption of proteins could slow down the mobility of the elderly subject .


The benefit of a sufficient protein intake

To carry out their research, the scientists calculated the protein intake (g / kg of body weight / day) of seniors at baseline using a food frequency questionnaire consisting of 108 questions. Protein consumption has been classified into three categories:

  1. Superior: consumption ≥ 1.0 g / kg / day
  2. Average: consumption between 0.7 and 1 g / kg / day
  3. Lower: consumption <0.7 g / kg / day

The researchers then assessed the participants’ mobility limitations on a semi-annual basis based on their testimonies about the difficulties they had encountered while trying to walk a distance of 402 meters or when trying to climb a staircase of 10 steps. It should be noted that the material nature of this limitation could only be attributed following 2 consecutive half-yearly reports.

The research team also took into account the influence of different factors: demographic data, behavioral factors, possible chronic diseases, total energy intake and height. The association between protein intake and limitation of mobility was assessed by means of an analysis based on the Cox model.

To know ! The Cox model is an analysis method which allows the simultaneous consideration of several variables to explain the occurrence of an event.

The study thus demonstrated the following results:

  1. the mean protein intake was 0.91 ± 0.38 g / kg body weight / day but in 43% of cases the declared values ​​were lower than those defined in the recommendations (<0.8 g / kg / j).
  2. a significant limitation of mobility set in during the 6 years of follow-up in 35.3% of the participants.
  3. compared to the higher consumption category, lower consumption categories were associated with a higher risk of mobility limitation.

As the results of this study suggest that insufficient protein consumption may promote limited mobility in the elderly, the researchers recommend protein consumption greater than 1.0 g / kg / d for the age group explored ( 70-79 years), in order to oppose the decline in physical performance .

Encouraging seniors to consume protein therefore seems essential to prevent the risk of dependence and fragility of an increasingly aging population which tends, with age, to shun foods that are rich in it.

Physical activity, essential for the prevention of cardiovascular risk in seniors

Physical activity, essential for the prevention of cardiovascular risk in seniors

Physical activity, essential for the prevention of cardiovascular risk in seniors

Everyone knows that regular physical activity is essential to stay healthy, regardless of our age. However, this consideration is all the more important for seniors. A study conducted by doctors indeed highlights the benefits of regular physical activity , in combination with a reduction in the time spent sitting for the prevention of cardiovascular risk in seniors.

prevention of cardiovascular risk in the elderly

Seniors who are too sedentary

The sedentary lifestyle is the lack of physical activity every day. In recent decades, changes in our professional and personal lifestyles (IT, transport, lack of time, etc.) have led to a general increase in sedentary lifestyle . It’s a fact: we are not moving enough. The elderly, in particular, are largely affected by this scourge. Most seniors would spend 80% of their time sitting down . However, it has been proven that this inactivity considerably increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, but also of diabetes , breast cancer , or obesity .

With age, it is normal for physical condition to deteriorate. However, this phenomenon can accelerate and intensify if no regular activity is practiced. Sedentary lifestyle is in this sense a vicious circle  : the more the body loses its habit of producing an effort, the more it gains in fat and loses flexibility. The muscle condition deteriorates, causing pain and difficulty that keeps the person in an increasingly advanced state of inactivity.

Increase the duration of physical activity to reduce cardiovascular risk

A doctors team recently studied the behavior of more than 3,000 people over the age of 60, with the aim of estimating the impact of different levels of physical activity on the development of cardiovascular disease. The participants in the study were thus provided with an accelerometer to measure the number of hours spent in a sitting position or in motion. This device can also measure the intensity of physical activity  : light, moderate or vigorous.

The results of the study show that being active for at least 150 minutes per week can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by about 20%. In particular, increasing the duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity, even if only 10 minutes , helps prevent cardiovascular risk. This is particularly valid for the more sedentary seniors, who spend more than 14 hours a day sitting .

The doctors emphasizes one point in particular: to be effective, this increase in physical activity must also be accompanied by a reduction in the time spent sitting , in particular for the most sedentary people.

Prevention of cardiovascular risk in seniors: What type of physical activity is suitable?

In addition to having an impact on the prevention of cardiovascular risk in the elderly, the practice of a physical activity also makes it possible to maintain a good mental and physical condition . Elderly people who play sports or exercise regularly are therefore less at risk of depression or fracture of the femoral neck. It also promotes the maintenance of autonomy .

WHO therefore recommends a minimum of 150 minutes of moderate physical activity per week , or 75 minutes of vigorous activity . This practice of a physical activity can take several forms: practice of a sport of course, but not only. It may simply be the regular practice of chores of daily life , such as going shopping, taking the stairs, cycling, doing housework, DIY or gardening.

However, each person must take care to respect their own physical capacities . Too intense efforts should be avoided for the elderly whose body is not or no longer used to the practice of intensive sport. The main thing is to move at your own pace, on a regular basis, by doing activities that are fun .


Undernutrition of seniors

Undernutrition of seniors

Undernutrition of seniors

In France, more than 2 million elderly people suffer from undernutrition , particularly the elderly who represent 60% of cases in health establishments. Indeed, according to INSEE, nearly one in five senior citizens is concerned. Any involuntary weight loss in an elderly person should lead to a consultation with the general practitioner. Depending on the severity of the malnutrition, the doctor has several options: increased energy intake (richer and more frequent meals, oral nutritional supplements), enteral or parenteral nutrition. To treat the malnutrition of seniors, oral intake will always be preferred first.

Definition and symptoms of undernutrition in seniors

What is undernutrition?

Senior couple taking measurements on their stomachsThe malnutrition is defined by the HAS as “an imbalance between nutrient intake and requirements of the body resulting in tissue loss, including muscle, which have deleterious functional consequences.” This nutritional state is characterized by a lack of energy and a deficiency of proteins and nutrients. Several risks can result: muscle weakness, infections, delayed recovery, or even death.

In the elderly, undernutrition corresponds to a decrease in their food intake that can cause various deficiencies and weakened health. A state of undernutrition can develop gradually or rapidly.

Official recommendations assess the nutritional intake of seniors at around 35kcal / kg / day, or 1,800 kcal, including 1g / kg / day of protein.

Several behaviors can alert loved ones and the healthcare team:

  • Loss of appetite, that is, when the patient does not finish his meal or skips it;
  • Involuntary weight loss;
  • The withdrawal into oneself.

The social, psychological or pathological situation of a senior can lead to or worsen undernutrition. Thus, several situations can be at risk in an elderly person:

  • A psycho-social event, for example bereavement, mistreatment or financial difficulties;
  • A pathological event such as pain, surgery, fracture, etc. ;
  • Oral diseases (poor oral hygiene, poorly adapted equipment);
  • Psychic and neurological damage, for example Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease , certain behavioral disorders or depression  ;
  • Dependence in daily activities such as food or mobility;
  • A diet (slimming, without salt, etc.);
  • Taking medicines, for example certain treatments, can cause drowsiness, digestive problems or dry mouth.

What symptoms?

tired elderly womanOne of the main warning signs of undernutrition is weight loss:

  • More than 3 kg in 1 month;
  • More than 6 kg in 6 months.

The other symptoms are diverse and can include fatigue, listlessness, a sunken face, dull hair, dry skin, a limp handshake, decreased social interactions, loss of interest in hobbies. , etc.

Indeed, it is not essential to be a doctor or a caregiver to detect the signs of undernutrition. They are easily identified by:

  • Wearing clothes that are too loose;
  • Observation of eating habits and appetite;
  • Loss of muscle mass (slow walking, decrease in thigh volume, etc.);
  • Weight measurement every month: undernutrition is proven if the weight loss exceeds 5% in 1 month.

The consequences of undernutrition in the elderly can be dramatic. Weak people can contract all kinds of infections and pathologies. It is therefore essential to quickly detect the first signs of this nutritional state.

Diagnosis and treatment of malnutrition in seniors

What diagnosis?

Nutritionist on the phoneWeight loss is the symptom that should alert health professionals or not. Indeed, an involuntary weight loss of more than 5% in 1 month should lead to a consultation, or at least to corrective measures.

The doctor can refer the patient to a dietitian in addition to his care.

What treatment?

The earlier the treatment, the more effective it will be. It will depend on several parameters such as the nutritional status of the person, the associated pathologies and disabilities and the opinion of the patient and his family.

Three types of therapy can be considered:

  • First-line oral feeding. It breaks down into various nutritional advice, food enrichment, whether or not associated with oral nutritional supplements (complete nutritional mixtures) and human or technical assistance with food intake.
  • Enteral nutrition is considered as a second option when oral nutrition is not possible or insufficient. It requires hospitalization of a few days in order to proceed with the placement of a catheter (prescribed for 14 days) and the therapeutic education of the patient and his entourage. When returning home, a specialist service provider or a home nurse take over for the care.
  • Parenteral nutrition, artificial nutrition by intravenous route, is indicated only in the event of special situations such as intestinal obstruction (partial or even total interruption of transit), failure of enteral nutrition or in the event of severe malabsorption.

There are several stages of undernutrition. The doctor adapts his treatment according to the severity of it.

We speak of moderate undernutrition when the patient can still eat. An increase in energy intake, whether or not associated with a prescription for oral nutritional supplements, is sufficient.

We speak of severe undernutrition when the patient no longer eats alone. In this case, the doctor may prescribe oral nutritional supplements, and possibly enteral nutrition.

Malnutrition of seniors and Prevention

To prevent undernutrition, it is important to eat properly, and to enjoy eating. First of all, you should know that the elderly have greater food needs than the rest of the population. Indeed, contrary to popular belief, food requirements do not decrease with age. Thus, after 70 years, it is advisable to avoid fasting by eating three meals a day and if possible two snacks.

Some tips for a good diet:

  • Consume in priority foods rich in protein such as meat, fish or eggs, once a day;
  • Increase the number of snacks per day;
  • Drink plenty of water, around 8 to 10 glasses, during the day;
  • Fight against osteoporosis by consuming dairy products;
  • Don’t forget about vitamins!

To note ! It is important to maintain physical activity (gardening, walking, etc.) for at least 30 minutes a day, consecutive or not, in order to maintain sufficient muscle mass. The practice of a physical activity also makes it possible to avoid situations of isolation, even of depression.

5 natural remedies for flu and colds

5 natural remedies for flu and colds

5 natural remedies for flu and colds

Colds and flu-like conditions are common in winter. They can however be avoided or relieved if they have already been contracted, thanks to simple and natural remedies!

Echinacea helps reduce the severity and duration of cold symptoms, such as congestion, runny nose, sore throat, headache, weakness, or chills. Native Americans have used it for centuries to treat respiratory tract infections. Echinacea would also prevent influenza.

Echinacea is preferably consumed orally, in the form:

– Infusion . Let infuse in boiling water for 10 min, 1 g of dried roots. To be taken 1 to 6 times a day.
– Decoction . Boil 1 g of echinacea roots in 1 cup of water for 5 to 10 min. Up to 3 cups per day.
– Of dye. Take 3 ml to 4 ml of echinacea, 3 times a day.


Black elderberry is an effective natural remedy for treating the flu. A study carried out in the 1990s shows that subjects treated for influenza with an extract of black elderberries observed an improvement in their condition after 2 days, compared to 6 days for the group treated with a placebo. Black elderberry has also been recognized as an effective way to prevent colds.
Black elderberry can be eaten in the form of flowers or berries. There are ready-made preparations of black elderberries. The following indications are carried out with elder flowers:

– Infusion. Infuse 3 to 5 g of dried flowers in 150 ml of boiling water for 10 to 15 minutes. Drink three cups a day.
– Fluid extract (1: 1, g / ml). Take 1.5 to 3 ml of black elderberry fluid extract per day.
– Tincture (1: 5, g / ml). Take 2.5 to 7.5 ml per day.

Andrographis has been used for several hundred years in the treatment of fever and respiratory infections. It is a plant that is not found in raw form in Western countries, where it can be obtained in the form of tablets or capsules containing 4 to 6% of andrographolide, one of the active substances. of the andrographis.

Today, it is still recommended in the treatment of respiratory tract infections such as the flu or the common cold. It is advisable to take 400 mg of standardized andrographis extract containing 4 to 6% andrographolide, 3 times a day in case of flu or cold.

Eucalyptus has beneficial effects on inflammation of the respiratory tract. It helps relieve cold and flu symptoms, including coughs and sore throats.

Internally, eucalyptus is used by:

– Infusion. Infuse 2 to 3 g of dried eucalyptus leaves in 150 ml of boiling water for 10 minutes, at a rate of 2 cups per day.
– Tincture (1: 5). Take 10 to 15 ml, twice a day.
– Essential oil. Take 2 to 6 drops per day of eucalyptus essential oil on a neutral lozenge. This use is not recommended for young children or pregnant women.
– Inhalation. Pour into an inhaler, 4 to 6 drops of essential oil in 150 ml of boiling water. Repeat the operation up to three times a day.

Surprising as it may seem, garlic is also an effective remedy for colds and flu symptoms as it helps treat respiratory tract infections. In this case, it can be consumed in different ways:

– Fresh garlic. Consume the equivalent of 4 cloves of garlic (16 g) per day to protect against colds.
– Dried garlic . Take 2 to 4g of dried garlic powder, 3 times a day to prevent colds.
– Tincture. Take 2 to 4 ml, 3 times a day, if the common cold has already been contracted.

4 exercise to leave sugar


4 (excellent) reasons to eat less sugar

The harmful effects of sugar on our health are starting to be better understood. But if you need good reasons to slow down on your sugar intake, here are four essential ones.


You don’t have to wait until you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes to reduce your sugar intake. It is upstream that we must act. “As soon as the sugar is overloaded, the liver can no longer regulate the glycemia in the blood: it is the phase of prediabetes, which is characterized by a fasting blood sugar which is between 1.05 and 1.26 g / l “details Dr Réginald Allouche, author of The pleasure of sugar at the risk of prediabetes.

Including those who ignore each other, it is estimated that prediabetes affects 4 million people in France, knowing that around 3 million French people are treated for diabetes. more feminine: “Just look at what is happening in the United States today, where 25-year-olds have type 2 diabetes, continues Dr. Allouche. The standardization of feeding modes means that we follow the same model, with a few years of lag. “


Sugar is stored in two ways. “In the form of glycogen in the liver, an essential storage which keeps the reserves necessary to supply the brain for 20 to 30 minutes, notes Dr. Allouche. However, as soon as it is in surplus, the body is obliged to store the sugar elsewhere. “Where? In adipocytes, fat cells.” So even though glycogen is found in the liver and in muscles, the vast majority of the body’s sugar is stored as fat. , says the doctor.

Result ? If the sugar intake is greater than our needs, we saturate our storage capacities. The fat mass is then distributed unevenly over the body and can cause unsightly cellulite.


Diabetes and being overweight, both of which can be correlated with high sugar consumption, increase the risk of cancer, especially of the pancreas (40 to 60% of people who report pancreatic cancer are diabetic), liver or colorectal. In women, several studies have concluded that the risk of breast cancer and the risk of endometrial cancer are greater in diabetics. Members of the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (Inserm, Inra, Cnam, Université Paris 13) who followed the French NutriNet-Santé cohort suggest, in an article published in the British Medical Journal in July 2019, a more direct link between certain cancers and sugary drinks: “During monitoring, the consumption of sugary drinks was found to be associated with a higher risk of cancer (2,193 cases out of 101,257 participants), and in particular breast cancer ( 693 cases). A 100 ml increase in the average daily consumption of sugary drinks was associated with an approximately 18% increase in cancer risk. “


A high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood changes the way the arteries work, causing them to contract more regularly, which leads to higher blood pressure (which itself increases cardiovascular risks). These are the conclusions of a study carried out a few years ago by researchers at the University of Leicester, in Great Britain. More recently, another team has shown that excess sugar (in sugary drinks, in particular) causes a lipid imbalance called dyslipidemia (high triglyceride level associated with a low level of good cholesterol – HDL) which increases the risk of disease. cardiac. Published in the Journal of American Heart Association in February 2020, the study, which includes data from nearly 6,000 participants followed for 12 years, found that people who drank one can of soda per day had a 53% triglyceride level. higher than those who drank one can per month or less, and 98% lower HDL.


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Caregivers (family)

Caregivers (family)

The caregivers are a new concept in the world of health, born of support for people with chronic diseases , suffering from disability or situation dependence , by people around them, most often family members. In France, caregivers are now more than 8 million. Their particular situation has given rise to new public health questions, particularly with regard to their recognition, the impact of their status on their personal and professional life and even their physical and psychological state of health.

Family caregivers

What is a caregiver?

The concept of caregiver is a recent concept in the world of health. Caregivers are all people, adults but also children, who support a loved one on a daily basis in one of the following situations:

  • chronic disease ;
  • A physical or mental handicap ;
  • An addiction whatever its nature.

To note ! Some caregivers can be very young, when children have one of their parents with a serious illness, a disability or being in a situation of dependency.

Support from caregivers can take many different forms, each situation being able to constitute a particular case. For example, the caregiver can:

  • Perform daily care;
  • Host the loved one;
  • Prepare meals;
  • Go shopping;
  • Administer the treatments;

A caregiver can help a loved one in only one aspect of life, or in many aspects, with a time devoted to his role of caregiver which varies greatly, from a few hours a week to several hours a day.

The taking into account of caregivers, the beginning of their recognition by society, has gradually imposed itself by their growing and large number. In France, currently, more than 8 million people are caregivers. A figure that is certainly underestimated, according to caregivers associations.

Caregivers have always existed, but their special status is increasingly recognized by society, which takes into account the repercussions of this support on:

  • Support for sick , disabled or dependent people ;
  • The personal and professional life of caregivers;
  • The state of health of caregivers.

Today, the recognition of caregivers is a major public health issue, with significant changes in the status of caregivers over the years.

To know ! A caregiver does not have a legal status in the strict sense, unlike, for example, guardianship (legal measure to protect an adult if they are no longer considered capable of defending their own interests) or the caregiver. trust (person designated to assist and support a person in their health procedures). On the other hand, a caregiver can exercise guardianship and / or be the trusted person of the loved one, but these three roles are not

Recognition of caregivers

The recognition of caregivers inevitably requires the recognition of the essential roles they play in supporting their loved ones, which can be:

  • Parents ;
  • Children;
  • Spouses;
  • Other family members;
  • Close friends.

Indeed, they work with sick people , people with disabilities or dependency , alongside the various professionals who can participate in the care of these people, that is to say:

  • Medical teams (doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, psychologists, etc.);
  • Home help services;
  • Social services (social workers).

But unlike these professionals, caregivers act without prior professional training, without their roles being clearly established and recognized, while having emotional ties with the person being supported.

Furthermore, the roles played by caregivers are not strictly defined and depend very much on the context of the person being helped. The role played by the caregiver can be very variable, in particular according to several parameters:

  • The state of health of the accompanied person;
  • The availability of the caregiver;
  • The caregiver’s abilities;
  • The number of caregivers in the entourage of the person being helped.

The recognition of caregivers by society ultimately involves several aspects:

  • Respect for the initial link between the caregiver and the loved one supported;
  • Respect for the personal and professional life of the caregiver;
  • Taking into account and respecting the role or roles played by the caregiver by the other workers and by the rest of the entourage;
  • Access to information, support, training and mediation in their caring role.

The right to respite

Many caregivers are confronted with difficulties of various kinds:

  • The pursuit of their professional activity;
  • The preservation of their personal life;
  • Lack of recognition;
  • Insufficient support;
  • Exhaustion, physical or mental;
  • Consequences on their well-being and even on their own health, this time again physical or mental.

Faced with these many difficulties, caregivers, and in particular carers’ associations, are working for a right to respite . Respite is essential for caregivers to:

  • Have time for them, while their loved one is being looked after;
  • Preserve their personal and professional life;
  • Limit the risk of conflict with the loved one;
  • Take a step back from their role as a caregiver.

Gradually, public authorities are recognizing the special status of caregivers and their right to respite . This recognition is reflected in particular by two recent texts:

  • A 2004 decree on the organization of temporary accommodation for disabled people and the elderly in certain establishments and services;
  • The introduction in 2005 of a right to respite for family caregivers of people aged over 60 in a situation of dependency , within the framework of the law relating to the Adaptation of Society to Aging.

Among the so-called respite solutions, available so that caregivers can be entitled to respite , it is possible to cite:

  • Reception facilities for sick , disabled or dependent people who can take care of the accompanied person for a determined period to temporarily relieve the caregiver;
  • Home service structures and home health services (home hospitalization, home care);
  • Structures offering caregivers information, support, training and opportunities to share experiences.

These respite solutions can be funded through different means, such as:

  • Health Insurance, in the case of accompanied children;
  • Health Insurance and complementary organizations for people with disabilities ;
  • Personalized Allowance for Autonomy (APA) within the framework of the right to respite for people over the age of 60;
  • Certain financial aid from supplementary pension funds and mutual societies.

To note ! Helpers can be supported by the social services of their municipality or department, in order to be advised, to obtain all the information relating to existing assistance and to be guided in their procedures. Caregivers associations are also present to support caregivers in their daily difficulties.

What is caregiver leave?

Recently, to recognize the importance and materially support caregivers, the state has set up a specific aid, close off helping , replacing family support leave since 1 st January 2017. This leave allows anyone , under certain conditions, to temporarily cease his professional activity to take care of a relative with a disability or with a particularly serious loss of autonomy.

To obtain caregiver leave , the caregiver must meet the following conditions:

  • Be an employee with at least one year of seniority in the company;
  • Have a family or close bond with the accompanied person;
  • The accompanied person must reside in France on a stable and regular basis.

The duration of caregiver leave is limited in time, and is fixed:

  • By collective agreement or company or branch agreement;
  • At 3 months in the absence of agreement or convention.

This leave may be renewed, without being able to exceed a maximum period of one year over the entire career of the caregiver.

Caregiver leave is requested by the caregiver from his employer at least one month before the desired start date of the leave. However, caregiver leave can begin immediately under the following conditions:

  • An emergency related to the state of health of the accompanied person;
  • A crisis situation requiring urgent action by the caregiver;
  • The sudden end of the reception in an establishment of the accompanied person.

The employer cannot refuse family caregiver leave to one of its employees, unless the latter does not meet the conditions for obtaining the leave. The caregiver, unpaid during the leave, cannot exercise any professional activity during the caregiver leave, except being an employee of the accompanied person, if the latter receives the APA or the disability compensation benefit (PCH).

At any time, the caregiver can request that the family caregiver leave be stopped when one of the following situations occurs:

  • The death of the accompanied person;
  • The reception of the accompanied person in an establishment;
  • The use of a home help service to assist the accompanied person;
  • A significant reduction in the caregiver’s resources;
  • The taking of family caregiver leave by another family member.

At the end of the caregiver leave , the employee returns to his or her initial job or a similar job in the company, with at least equivalent remuneration, and with the benefit of his seniority (which continues during the caregiver leave) .


necessarily associated.

3 keys to better communicate with your teenager

3 keys to better communicate with your teenager

3 keys to better communicate with your teenager

The period of adolescence is a delicate stage. And when conflicts arise, parents often find themselves quite helpless in the face of behaviors and attitudes that they do not understand.

Any relationship that involves communication remains difficult. When you say something, you don’t always know what the other is hearing or receiving. This remains valid for all human beings, but it is even more true for adolescents and parents. The adolescent in crisis is indeed at a crossroads. ” During this period, all the neurons of childhood are disappearing to make way for those of an adult, except that they are still immature. The teenager loses the carelessness, the reverie; we expect more in addition to things of him and therefore, as he does not yet have the capacities of an adult, he can live this period with difficulty. He can regularly perceive himself as in a kind of fog. And by extension, his parents too“, explains Myriam Goffard, Vice-President of the National Union of Practitioners of Relational Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis.


Be a patient parent

This step dispels the benchmarks of the whole family and can create conflicts . The child who is no longer one must make crucial study choices: face the demands of his teachers, be accountable to his parents. And all of this can be overwhelming.

For parents, we must first accept this transition, which can last a certain time depending on the adolescents and their personalities. First of all, do not get into conflict or confrontation all the time. But have the patience to repeat the principles to which we hold, because the repetition remains at the base of the pedagogy . Next, don’t play the “cool” parent or boyfriend.

Don’t blame yourself for being too harsh

The adolescent needs benchmarks, rules and we must not be afraid to enact them . And above all, do not feel guilty by considering yourself too harsh. Especially if their child pushes boundaries, doesn’t respect you, or doesn’t respect others more generally. Complacency must be ruled out at all costs.

“The benevolent frankness seems to me the best formula to define the behavior to be held for the parents during the period of adolescence”, continues Myriam Goffard. It is necessary to say the things, to value the small objectives achieved, without being too mothering , nor to err by excess of authoritarianism . Parents are the foundation of a teenager, he must be able to lean on them, so the base must be solid.

Maintain the dialogue

In the event that communication and dialogue are broken do not hesitate to involve a third person that the teenager appreciates. An uncle, a cousin, as long as it’s an adult. Often, it is this third person who will re-establish the dialogue since, by listening to both parties, he will act as a mediator to calm things down. There are also assistance services for adolescents, such as the Maison des Adolescents. In any case, it is essential to be patient as a parent, because once again, the period can be longer or shorter depending on the case.